Turkey hosts more refugees than any other country in the world, 3.6 million. The number of refugees has been influenced by protracted conflicts in neighbouring countries, especially the Syrian civil war. In areas where the number of refugees is large relative to the local population, migration has a significant impact on employment and access to services. This has contributed to harsher attitudes towards refugees.

Support for Syrian refugees and host communities

At the end of 2019, Turkey was the world’s largest host country for refugees: there are almost as many refugees in the country as in the next two largest host countries combined. The number of refugees began increasing in the country at the end of 2012, when the Syrian crisis escalated into a civil war. The majority of refugees living in Turkey are Syrian. They have no refugee status in Turkey but instead have been granted temporary residence permits.
Finnish Refugee Council began providing support for the adaptation and survival of Syrian refugees and host communities in Turkey at the beginning of 2019. With support from FRC, the inter-group relations between different populations are reinforced through opportunities to come together and participate in various training and events.
FRC channels its support for refugees in Turkey through its local partner organisation YUVA. YUVA has supported refugee protection, provided training and created livelihood opportunities since 2013.

Finnish Refugee Council in Turkey

FRC supports both Syrian refugees and host communities in Turkey. Above all, the activities aim to support the most vulnerable, such as those who have experienced sexual and gender-based violence, survivors of child marriage, people with disabilities, and women who do not have access to other educational opportunities or psychosocial support.
FRC’s support in Turkey focuses on the following areas:
• Turkish language teaching
• teaching technical and professional skills
• employability
• advisory services
• supporting interaction and positive relations between refugees and the local population
• raising awareness on the rights of refugees and the service system available to them
• training local authorities
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland, With support from Finland's development cooperation